DEAD: ON THIS DATE
Mahatma Gandhi (aged 78)
Pre-eminent leader of Indian nationalism during British-ruled India
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahātmā (Sanskrit: “high-souled”, “venerable”) – applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa – is now used worldwide. In India, he is also called Bapu (Gujarati: endearment for father, papa) and Gandhi ji, and known as the Father of the Nation.
DEATH: At 5:17 pm on 30 January 1948, Gandhi was with his grandnieces in the garden of the former Birla House(now Gandhi Smriti), on his way to address a prayer meeting, when Hindutva Terrorist Nathuram Godsefired three bullets from a Beretta M1934 9mm Cortopistol into his chest at point-blank range. According to some accounts, Gandhi died instantly. In other accounts, such as one prepared by an eyewitness journalist, Gandhi was carried into the Birla House, into a bedroom. There he died about 30 minutes later as one of Gandhi’s family members read verses from Hindu scriptures.