DEAD: Chiang Kai-shek

DEAD: ON THIS DATE

Chiang Kai-shek (aged 87)
Chinese politician and military leader

Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also known asGeneralissimo Chiang or Chiang Chungcheng and romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi, was a Chinese politician and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in Taiwan until his death. He was recognized by much of the world as the head of the legitimate governmentof China until 1971, during which the United Nations passed Resolution 2758.

DEATH: In 1975, 26 years after Chiang came to Taiwan, he died in Taipei at the age of 87. He had suffered a heart attack and pneumonia in the foregoing months and died from renal failure aggravated with advanced cardiac malfunction on April 5.

A month of mourning was declared. Chinese music composer Hwang Yau-tai wrote the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Song. In mainland China, however, Chiang’s death was met with little apparent mourning and Communist state-run newspapers gave the brief headline “Chiang Kai-shek Has Died.” Chiang’s body was put in a copper coffin and temporarily interred at his favorite residence in Cihu, Daxi, Taoyuan. When his son Chiang Ching-kuo died in 1988, he was entombed in a separate mausoleum in nearby Touliao (頭寮). The hope was to have both buried at their birthplace in Fenghua if and when it was possible. In 2004, Chiang Fang-liang, the widow of Chiang Ching-kuo, asked that both father and son be buried at Wuzhi Mountain Military Cemetery in Xizhi, Taipei County (now New Taipei City). Chiang’s ultimate funeral ceremony became a political battle between the wishes of the state and the wishes of his family.

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