DEAD: ON THIS DATE
Benedict Arnold (aged 60)
Continental and later British Army general during the American Revolutionary War
Benedict Arnold (January 3, 1740 – June 14, 1801) was an American military officer who served as a general during the American Revolutionary War, fighting for the American Continental Army before defecting to the British in 1780. George Washington had given him his fullest trust and placed him in command of the fortifications at West Point, New York. Arnold planned to surrender the fort to British forces, but the plot was discovered in September 1780 and he fled to the British. His name quickly became a byword in the United States for treason and betrayal because he led the British army in battle against the very men whom he had once commanded.
DEATH: In January 1801, Benedict Arnold’s health began to decline. He had suffered from gout since 1775,and the condition attacked his unwounded leg to the point where he was unable to go to sea. The other leg ached constantly, and he walked only with a cane. His physicians diagnosed him as having dropsy, and a visit to the countryside only temporarily improved his condition. He died after four days of delirium on June 14, 1801, at the age of 60. Legend has it that, when he was on his deathbed, he said, “Let me die in this old uniform in which I fought my battles. May God forgive me for ever having put on another,” but this story may be apocryphal. Arnold was buried at St. Mary’s Church, Battersea in London, England.As a result of a clerical error in the parish records, his remains were removed to an unmarked mass grave during church renovations a century later. His funeral procession boasted “seven mourning coaches and four state carriages”; the funeral was without military honors.