DEAD: ON THIS DATE
Mark Antony (aged 53)
Roman politician and general
Marcus Antonius (14 January 83 BC – 1 August 30 BC), commonly known in English as Mark Antonyor Anthony, was a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic from an oligarchy into the autocraticRoman Empire.
DEATH: Octavian, now close to absolute power, did not intend to give Antony and Cleopatra any rest. In August 30 BC, assisted by Agrippa, he invaded Egypt. With no other refuge to escape to, Antony committed suicide by stabbing himself with his sword in the mistaken belief that Cleopatra had already done so. When he found out that Cleopatra was still alive, his friends brought him to Cleopatra’s monument in which she was hiding, and he died in her arms.
Cleopatra was allowed to conduct Antony’s burial rites after she had been captured by Octavian. Realising that she was destined for Octavian’s triumph in Rome, she made several attempts to take her life and finally succeeded in mid-August. Octavian had Caesarion murdered, but he spared Antony’s children by Cleopatra, who were paraded through the streets of Rome. Antony’s daughters by Octavia were spared, as was his son, Iullus Antonius. But his elder son, Marcus Antonius Antyllus, was killed by Octavian’s men while pleading for his life in the Caesareum.