DEAD: ON THIS DATE
Caligula (aged 28)
3rd Emperor of Ancient Rome, a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty
Caligula (31 August 12 – 24 January 41 AD) was Roman emperor from AD 37 to AD 41. The son of the popular Roman general Germanicus and Augustus’ granddaughter Agrippina the Elder, Caligula was born into the first ruling family of the Roman Empire, conventionally known as the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Germanicus’ uncle and adoptive father, Tiberius, succeeded Augustus as emperor of Rome in AD 14.
DEATH: Caligula’s actions as emperor were described as being especially harsh to the senate, to the nobility and to the equestrian order. According to Josephus, these actions led to several failed conspiracies against Caligula. Eventually, officers within the Praetorian Guard led by Cassius Chaereasucceeded in murdering the emperor. The plot is described as having been planned by three men, but many in the senate, army and equestrian order were said to have been informed of it and involved in it.